IN 2020, DESPITE THE PANDEMIC, IMPROVEMENTS WERE OBSERVED IN SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESS INDICATORS
In 2021, Switzerland, Sweden and the US lead the global ranking and that of their regions.
China, the one with the highest increase in R&D spending in 2019 among the top 5 investing economies.
60% of companies investing in R&D reported an increase in spending around 10% in 2020.
IN 2021, SPAIN RANKED 30TH IN THE GLOBAL GII (28TH in 2017) AND 19TH IN THE SUBINDEX FOR EUROPE (18TH in 2017).