Business… at a glance May 2021

The tourism sector (INE) In the first quarter of 2021, 1.208.761 international tourists arrived in Spain, 13 million fewer than two years ago when the pandemic still hadn t brought the sector to a standstill. Industrial Production Index (IPI) (INE) By autonomous community, the advances in Navarre (31.2%) and Cantabria (26%) are in contrast with … Continued

Business… at a glance April 2021

Industrial Production Index (IPI) (INE) By autonomous community, the increases in Cantabria (12,0%) Galicia (4,8%) and Extremadura (4,1%) are in sharp contrast with the decreases in the Balearic Islands (14,0%) and Canary Islands (12,3%) Sales by Large Companies (Tax Agency) In Jan Feb 2021 sales by large companies (with last year s business operations at €6.01 … Continued


Business… at a glance March 2021

Labor costs, Spain In Q4 2020, labor costs per worker and month fell -0.1% year-on-year to €2,752.26, a slight decrease against the 8.3% of Q2 2020. By components, salary costs fell 0.7% year-on-year to €2,061.30. “Other costs” grew 1.7%, as a result of the increases in Social Security contributions (1.4% year-on-year to €634.57) and non-wage … Continued


Business… at a glance February 2021

Activity indicators Service sector In December, the General Services Sector Turnover Index registered an 8.7% year-on-year contraction, accumulating. This figure has remained in negative territory for the 10th consecutive month, but it has improved compared to November (-12.6%), which indicates a slight recovery of the sector that coincided with the Christmas season. In 2020 as … Continued


Business… at a glance January 2021

Mercantile Companies, Spain In November 2020, 7,339 businesses were incorporated, an increase of 0.1% year-onyear (compared to -7.9% in October). The capital subscribed increased 14.6% yearon-year to more than €367 million. For its part, the number of dissolved companies (2,062) grew 4% year-on-year (compared to -8.8% in October). By activity, most of the businesses formed were … Continued

Business… at a glance November 2020

Trading companies, Spain In September, the number of companies created increased 14% year-on-year (6,599 businesses), making it the highest rate since August 2016 (23.5%). At the same time, the capital subscribed for their constitution increased 11.5% year-on-year, exceeding €223 million. For its part, dissolved companies increased 29.3% year-on-year (1,623 companies), the highest percentage since April 2013 … Continued


Business… at a glance October 2020

Private sector debt, Spain In Q2 2020, combined business and household debt rose 1.9% year-on-year (compared to -0.4% Q2 2019) to 141.2% of GDP (€1,654 billion), the highest level since Q3 2017 (141.9%). This development can be explained as a result of the increase in debt and the decrease in GDP in absolute terms. Company … Continued


Business… at a glance July-August 2020

Labour market, Spain In June, the number of affiliates to the Social Security system registered a moderate increase of 0.4% year-on-year, to 18,624,337 people. By sectors, construction experienced the biggest increase at 3.7% month-onmonth, followed by industry (0.7%) and the service sector (0.3%). On the other hand, agriculture fell 3.2%. In spite of the increase, … Continued


Business… at a glance June 2020

Industrial production, Spain In April, the Industrial Production Index (IPI) fell 33.6% year-on-year. This is the biggest decrease since reporting began, in a context marked by the impact of the lockdown measures to contain the spread of Covid-19. According to goods types, the biggest decreases were with consumer durables (-67.5%) and capital goods (-57.4%). Production … Continued

Business… at a glance April 2020

Business confidence, Spain In the second quarter (Q2) of 2020, the Business Confidence Index (BCI)1 was at 95.5 points, the lowest level since the start of the series, falling 26.9% with respect to the first quarter of the year. 75.1% of business managers think their company performance will be negative in the second quarter, 21.8% … Continued

Business… at a glance March 2020

Industrial Production, Spain In January, the Industrial Production Index (IPI) decreased 2.1% year-on-year, its biggest drop since March 2019 (-2.7%). By sectors, all have fallen, especially in energy (-5.8%) and consumer goods (-1.8%). By Autonomous Community, the IPI only increased in Navarra (8.6%) and Galicia (2.9%), while the largest declines were recorded in Andalusia (-12.1%), … Continued


Business… at a glance February 2020

Industrial production, Spain In 2019, the Industrial Production Index in Spain (IPI) rose by an average of 0.6% yearon- year compared to the decline in the Eurozone (-1.7%). Nonetheless, this increase was 0.14pp lower than in 2018, and the lowest increase since 2014. By sectors, the increase in production of capital goods (2.5% year-on-year) and … Continued

Business… at a glance January 2020

Industrial production, Spain In November 2019, the Industrial Production Index (IPI) in Spain increased by 2.1% year-on-year, compared with the 3% decline registered in the same month of 2018. This increase is the second largest of the year since the 2.8% increase in January, in a context where the industrial production throughout the Eurozone has … Continued


Business… at a glance December 2019

Tourism, Spain Between January and October 2019, tourist arrivals in Spain increased by 1.1% year-onyear, which is 0.5pp more than the increase recorded in the same period last year, amounting to 74.4 million visitors. Despite this increase, the tourist arrivals from the following main tourist sending countries dropped: • The United Kingdom (22% of the … Continued


Business… at a glance November 2019

Trade in goods, Spain Between January and September (Eurostat), exports of Spanish goods increased by 1.4% year-on-year, which is 2.5pp less than in the same period of 2018, to €221.5 billion (18.4% of GDP). Concurrently, imports slowed down to a moderate growth of 1% year-onyear, compared with 6.3% in the same period last year, standing … Continued


Business… at a glance October 2019

Balance of trade, Spain In 2019, between January and August, the exports of goods increased by 1.1% year-onyear, which is 3.1pp less than in the same period of 2018, amounting to €192,131 million (15.9% of the GDP). Whereas for the same period, the imports of goods dampened down to 1.2% year-on-year (vs 6.1% year-on-year in … Continued


Business… at a glance September 2019

Labour cost, Spain The rise in the minimum wage since January 2019 (22.3%) and the higher maximum contribution bases to Social Security (7%) are the main factors that explain the rise in labour costs. Specifically, in Q2 2019, the labour cost per worker increased by 2.4% year-on-year (2.1% in Q1 2019) to €2,664.55, the largest … Continued


Business.. at a glance July-August 2019

Private sector debt, Spain In Q1 2019, the consolidated debt of nonfinancial corporations and households increased for the first time since Q3 2009 by 0.2% year-on-year, to €1.6 billion (132.8% of GDP). In the case of non-financial corporations, the increase in minimum wage, labour and investment costs, and lower profit margins explain the rise in … Continued

Business at a glance May 2019 Círculo de Empresarios

Business… at a glance May 2019

Industry Spain In March, industry indicators exhibit a downward trend year-on-year. Specifically: • The Industrial Production Index (IPI) dipped by 3.1% for the second consecutive month, 2.9 pp more than in February. By sector, the most noticeable drops occurred in energy goods (-9.9%) and durable goods (-5.8%), while capital goods (+0.5%) and intermediate goods (+0.4%) report … Continued

Business... at a glance December 2018 Círculo de Empresarios

Business… at a glance December 2018

Business creation The incorporation of companies in Spain between January and November reached 88,790 companies, representing an increase of 0.77% year-over-year. By Autonomous Community, Castile-La Mancha and Madrid exhibited marked progress with 8% and 7.4%, respectively. In contrast, sharp drops were recorded in Asturias (-9.7%) and Catalonia (-6.7%). Manufacturing PMI In November, Spain’s manufacturing PMI … Continued

Business... at a glance November 2018 Círculo de Empresarios

Business… at a glance November 2018

Business financing In 2017, the financing of non-financial companies in Spain originating in fixed income and variable income totalled €10.5bn and €26.8bn respectively, while the net flow of bank loans decreased by €7bn. This situation starkly contrasts with the pre-crisis period, when the flow of bank financing represented almost 21% of GDP (€211.6bn). Currently, Spain … Continued

Business... at a glance october 2018 Círculo de Empresarios

Business… at a glance October 2018

Business perception In Q4 2018, the Harmonised Business Confidence Index (HBCI) of Spain decreased by 1.1% year-on-year to stand at 133.9 points, recording its biggest drop since 2013. The percentage of businessmen that are more pessimistic increases to 16.1%, while the optimists fall for the second consecutive quarter and are down to 19%. Business activity … Continued

Business… at a glance September 2018

The evolution of lending in Spain From January to July, the volume of new loans to companies reached €221 billion, an increase of 8.8% year-on-year. Concurrently, new consumer credit (€20.1 billion) and housing-loans (€26.8 billion) saw gains of 21.8% and 15.8% year-on-year, respectively. Private capital investment In Spain, in the first half of 2018, investment in … Continued

Business… at a glance July-August 2018

Business financing In 2017, bank financing for non-financial companies listed on the IBEX 35 reached €69.1 billion (5.9% of GDP), accounting for 32.9% of total financial liabilities (39.1% less than in 2010). At the same time, a structural change in its financing model was confirmed by increasing corporate debt issues by 27.8% since 2010 (55.3% of … Continued

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