Economy in times of uncertainty

Economy in times of uncertainty april 2022 de Círculo de Empresarios Global economic situation In mid February, just before the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the evolution of the main macroeconomic variables allowed us to speak of recovery. The remission of the pandemic, vaccination efforts, expansionary economic policies and favorable financial conditions justified the IMF’s January … Continued

Annual Report 2021

“Círculo wishes to contribute to improving Spanish society, furthering the common good” Círculo de Empresarios is a think tank in which more than two hundred business people and senior executives from both national and international companies in Spain participate. Its main goals consist of the fostering of the free market and private enterprise, the acknowledgement … Continued

Quarterly Report Global and Spanish Economic Perspectives Q3 2021

Global economic situation The world economy’s recovery continues although its sustainability isn’t assured in a context of pandemic outbreaks and uncertainty about its future evolution, disruptions in supply chains and inflationary pressures on raw materials and energy. The differing vaccination rates and the support policies applied in each country to lessen the pandemic’s impact have … Continued

An urgent reform to our pensions system

An efficient, sustainable pensions system must respect a series of fundamental principles: the contributory principle (proportionality between contributions and receipts), fairness, intergenerational solidarity, adequacy and economic balance. In the case of Spain, these principles were defined within a context of broad consensus between political parties in what would become known as the Toledo Pact. Although … Continued

An efficient labour market generating stable employment

Reforms relating to the labour market are among the urgent structural changes needed to boost competitiveness and, in consequence, economic growth, the creation of quality employment and social well-being. It is with good reason that these have been identified as essential by European Institutions within the framework of the Recovery Plan for Europe, such that … Continued

Business… at a glance June 2021

Spain’s manufacturing and service sector PMI In May, manufacturing activity registered its highest level of the past 23 years, and service sector activity was the highest since August 2015. Tax revenue from large enterprises and SMEs In April 2021 tax revenue from large enterprises increased 23.7% year on year and that of SMEs by 1.3%. … Continued

Economy… at a glance May 2021

Service Sector Activity Indicators By Autonomous Community, the increases in turnover in Castilla-La Mancha (31.8%), Castilla&León (30.9%) and Galicia (30.8%) stand out Regarding employment, the biggest decreases were in the Balearic Islands (12.3%) and the Canary Islands (8.6%). Industrial Prices Index (IPRI) Temporary employment * in Spain Flash composite PMI index of total activity In … Continued

Business… at a glance May 2021

The tourism sector (INE) In the first quarter of 2021, 1.208.761 international tourists arrived in Spain, 13 million fewer than two years ago when the pandemic still hadn t brought the sector to a standstill. Industrial Production Index (IPI) (INE) By autonomous community, the advances in Navarre (31.2%) and Cantabria (26%) are in contrast with … Continued

Business… at a glance April 2021

Industrial Production Index (IPI) (INE) By autonomous community, the increases in Cantabria (12,0%) Galicia (4,8%) and Extremadura (4,1%) are in sharp contrast with the decreases in the Balearic Islands (14,0%) and Canary Islands (12,3%) Sales by Large Companies (Tax Agency) In Jan Feb 2021 sales by large companies (with last year s business operations at €6.01 … Continued

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Business… at a glance March 2021

Labor costs, Spain In Q4 2020, labor costs per worker and month fell -0.1% year-on-year to €2,752.26, a slight decrease against the 8.3% of Q2 2020. By components, salary costs fell 0.7% year-on-year to €2,061.30. “Other costs” grew 1.7%, as a result of the increases in Social Security contributions (1.4% year-on-year to €634.57) and non-wage … Continued

Annual Report 2020

“Círculo wishes to contribute to improving Spanish society, furthering the common good” Círculo de Empresarios is a think tank in which more than two hundred business people and senior executives from both national and international companies in Spain participate. Its main goals consist of the fostering of the free market and private enterprise, the acknowledgement … Continued

European Funds – an opportunity we must take advantage of

The European Union (EU) response to the economic and social impact of the pandemic has been rapid and robust. The European Recovery and Resilience Facility (Next Generation EU) is an important step in the European construction process, most notably in the design and implementation of common fiscal policy elements. The efficient allocation of the funds … Continued

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Economy… at a glance March 2021

Foreclosures In Q4 2020, foreclosures increased 109.9% year-on-year to 3,018, maintaining the upward trend which began in Q3 (+82% year-on-year). In 2020 as a whole, after 5 years of consecutive decreases, foreclosures on main residences increased 37.4%, reaching 7,367, the biggest increase since records began in 2014. Industrial production In January 2021, industrial production registered … Continued

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Business… at a glance February 2021

Activity indicators Service sector In December, the General Services Sector Turnover Index registered an 8.7% year-on-year contraction, accumulating. This figure has remained in negative territory for the 10th consecutive month, but it has improved compared to November (-12.6%), which indicates a slight recovery of the sector that coincided with the Christmas season. In 2020 as … Continued

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Economy… at a glance February 2021

Industrial production, Spain In 2020, after six consecutive years of growth, the industrial production index (IPI) recorded an average yearly decrease of 9.1%. This is the biggest fall since 2009 when production slumped 16.2% at the height of the financial crisis. The reduction, which was especially intense between March and June, is a partial reflection of … Continued

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Business… at a glance January 2021

Mercantile Companies, Spain In November 2020, 7,339 businesses were incorporated, an increase of 0.1% year-onyear (compared to -7.9% in October). The capital subscribed increased 14.6% yearon-year to more than €367 million. For its part, the number of dissolved companies (2,062) grew 4% year-on-year (compared to -8.8% in October). By activity, most of the businesses formed were … Continued

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Economy… at a glance January 2021

Industrial production, Spain In November 2020, the industrial production index (IPI) fell 3.8% year-on-year against a 1.6% increase in the same month in 2019. By sectors, all showed negative rates except intermediate goods (1.2% year-on-year). Production in the energy sector also fell 7.8% year-on-year, capital goods 7.1% and consumer goods 3.6%. By Autonomous Community, the … Continued

Economy… at a glance december 2020

Mortgages, Spain In September, the number of mortgages approved on properties increased 18.4% year-on-year (26,878 mortgages), making it the highest figure since December 2019 (+44.8%). On the other hand, the average amount fell 1% year-on-year (to €135,035), while the capital loaned increased 17.2% yearon- year (reaching €3.629 billion in September). The average interest rate was … Continued



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