Economy in times of uncertainty

Economy in times of uncertainty april 2022 de Círculo de Empresarios Global economic situation In mid February, just before the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the evolution of the main macroeconomic variables allowed us to speak of recovery. The remission of the pandemic, vaccination efforts, expansionary economic policies and favorable financial conditions justified the IMF’s January … Continued

A tax reform that boosts competitiveness (Infographic)

Reality of public accounts in Spain THE CORRECTION OF IMBALANCES MUST NOT NECESSARILY BE CARRIED OUT BY INCREASING REVENUES, BUT BY REDUCING PUBLIC SPENDING WITH CRITERIA OF EFFICIENCY AND EFFECTIVENESS Public spending systematically exceeds revenues without evaluation of its efficiency Budget imbalance resulting in persistent public deficits over the last decade and high levels of … Continued

Black Swans 2022 (Infographic)

FROM A REVOLUTIONARY AND DISRUPTIVE POINT OF VIEW, THESE ARE THE TEN UNLIKELY EVENTS, BUT WITH GREAT IMPACT ON THE FINANCIAL MARKETS Fossil fuel phase-out plan postponed Facebook stumbles as it seeks to stem the exodus of young people US mid-term election provokes a constitutional crisis US inflation reaches 15% driven by rising wages European … Continued

Quarterly Report Global and Spanish Economic Perspectives Q3 2021

Global economic situation The world economy’s recovery continues although its sustainability isn’t assured in a context of pandemic outbreaks and uncertainty about its future evolution, disruptions in supply chains and inflationary pressures on raw materials and energy. The differing vaccination rates and the support policies applied in each country to lessen the pandemic’s impact have … Continued

An urgent reform to our pensions system

An efficient, sustainable pensions system must respect a series of fundamental principles: the contributory principle (proportionality between contributions and receipts), fairness, intergenerational solidarity, adequacy and economic balance. In the case of Spain, these principles were defined within a context of broad consensus between political parties in what would become known as the Toledo Pact. Although … Continued

An efficient labour market generating stable employment

Reforms relating to the labour market are among the urgent structural changes needed to boost competitiveness and, in consequence, economic growth, the creation of quality employment and social well-being. It is with good reason that these have been identified as essential by European Institutions within the framework of the Recovery Plan for Europe, such that … Continued

International Migration Outlook 2021 (Infographic)

IN 2020 MIGRATION FELL BY 30% AND REACHED ITS LOWEST LEVEL SINCE 2003 Migration inflows reached their highest level of the decade in 2016. Immigrants contribute more in taxes than governments spend on them. SPANIARDS MIGRATE MAINLY TO EUROPEAN COUNTRIES In 2019, Colombia, Morocco and Venezuela were the top three nationalities of newcomers The work … Continued

Global Innovation Index 2021 (Infographic)

IN 2020, DESPITE THE PANDEMIC, IMPROVEMENTS WERE OBSERVED IN SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESS INDICATORS In 2021, Switzerland, Sweden and the US lead the global ranking and that of their regions. China, the one with the highest increase in R&D spending in 2019 among the top 5 investing economies. 60% of companies investing in R&D reported … Continued

Current situation of the housing market in Spain (Infographic)

Evolution of house prices in Spain Despite the strong social and economic impact of the pandemic house prices have shown positive growth rates. During the hardest months of pandemic, the moderation initiated in mid-2018 in the pace of house price advances has accentuated. Why do prices behave in this way? Changing consumer preferences Temporary shortage … Continued

Economy… at a glance May 2021

Service Sector Activity Indicators By Autonomous Community, the increases in turnover in Castilla-La Mancha (31.8%), Castilla&León (30.9%) and Galicia (30.8%) stand out Regarding employment, the biggest decreases were in the Balearic Islands (12.3%) and the Canary Islands (8.6%). Industrial Prices Index (IPRI) Temporary employment * in Spain Flash composite PMI index of total activity In … Continued

Economic Forecasts for Spain European Commission (Infographic)

The economy will be conditioned by the pandemic in 2021 and 2022 Conditioning factors for recovery: evolution of the pandemic and efficiency/efficacy of the vaccines; easing of restrictions on activity and economic agents’ reaction; duration of the support policies and the impact of the European funds; recovery of the tourism sector; spending and household saving … Continued


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